The most significant result of a recent Palestinian Center for Public Opinion (PCPO) survey is that the majority of the Palestinians, specifically (79.8%), (81.2%) in Gaza Strip and (79.0%) in the West Bank, are concerned about their families' subsistence following the halt of U.S. and European Union financial and economic to the Palestinian government and the suspension of tax transfers by the Israeli government.
The survey was prepared by PCPO Director Dr. Nabil Kukali and conducted during April 14-17, 2006. A random sample of (675) Palestinian adults over 18 years old, representing the various demographic sectors in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and in the Gaza Strip was interviewed.

The Findings:
Concern About Living Standards:
Responding to the question: "To what degree are you at present concerned about the subsistence of your family?"; (41.7%) replied "very much concerned",  (38.1%) "concerned",  (11.0%) "not so much concerned",  (7.9%) "not concerned at all" and (1.3%) replied "I don't know". 

Attitude of the Israeli Government:
A majority (50.2%) of the respondents believe that the Israeli government's suspension of all contacts with the Palestinian government will strengthen Hamas, while (47.7%) said it weakens Hamas, and (2.1%) didn't express their opinion. 

Statement of the US Secretary of State:
Responding to the question: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement by U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice of April 7: "Because the new Hamas-led Palestinian government has failed to accept the Quartet principles of nonviolence, recognition of Israel and respect for previous agreements between the parties, the United States is suspending assistance to the Palestinian government's cabinet and ministries"; (13.1%) said "strongly agree", (28.6%) "somewhat agree", (22.8%) "somewhat disagree", (35.0%) "strongly disagree" and (0.5%) answered "don't know". 

Aid and Violence:
A clear majority (59.8%) of Palestinians believe that halting foreign financial and economic aid will increase violence in the region, while (20.8%) said "it will decrease it" and (19.1%) think "it will have no effect at all", and (0.3%) didn't respond. 

The Detrimental Effects of the Suspension of Foreign Aid on the Palestinian Citizen:
Respondents were asked to grade the detrimental effects of the suspension of foreign aid, where (1) stands for the worst effects and (6) the least. The results were as follows:
1. Family income        20.0%     26.7%    20.1%    10.5%    9.8%    12.9%
2. Availability of food 19.0%     27.3%     20.4%    12.4%    12.1%   8.8%
3. Education              13.8%    10.8%      14.2%      18.1%   23.3%   19.8%
4. Health services        9.3%      9.0%     16.7%      24.0%    22.2%    18.8%
5. Raising children      7.3%      9.3%       12.3%      19.4%     20.6%    31.1%
6. Job opportunities    30.2%    17.2%      16.7%     16.1%    10.7%    9.1%
Significance of U.S. and European Aid:
Regarding the question: "To which extent does U.S. and European financial and economic aid contribute to the well-being of the Palestinian people?"; (37.3%) said "to a high degree",  (44.0%) "to a medium degree",  (12.8%) "to an unimportant degree", (5.2%) said "nil", and (0.7%) "don't know". 

Reconsidering the Decision:
Around one-third (36.9%) of the respondents said "their view of the U.S. and the EU would be highly positive if these countries reconsidered their decision to halt financial and economic aid, while (32.6%) "would have a moderately positive view", (30.4%) said "their view would remain unchanged", and (0.1%) declined to respond to the question. 

What Donor Countries Should Do:
An overwhelming majority (73.9%) of the respondents called on the governments of the U.S. and the EU to continue their financial and economic aid, while (24.3%) called for halting the aid, and (1.8%) declined to answer. 
Furthermore, (31.6%) of the respondents called on the U.S. and EU to channel the aid to Palestinians through the office of Palestinian Authority Chairman Mahmoud Abbas,  (38.2%) said "through Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh,  (22.5%) said "through UN organizations like UNRWA,  (7.3%) suggested "through the NGO's" and (0.4%) are for "otherwise". 

What Palestinians Should Do:
Responding to the question: "In the light of the grave Israeli escalation against the Palestinian people and the corresponding declaration of the Israeli government on the suspension of its relations with the Palestinian Authority, and the U.S. and EU halt of financial and economic aid to the Palestinian people, what should the Palestinians do?";  (17.9%) suggested "to finally dissolve the Palestinian Authority",  (17.9%) proposed that "PA President Abbas should resign and new presidential elections to be held",  (46.7%) wanted "to form a government of national unity", (16.7%) suggested "the present Palestinian government should resign and to run new legislative elections", while (0.8%) " had no opinion".  

Financial and Economic Aid From Arab Countries:
A clear majority (58.7%) of the respondents said the Arab countries are capable of replacing the financial and economical aid suspended by the Europeans and the U.S., while (40.1%) said "they are incapable of doing so", and (1.2%) declined to respond to the question. 

Optimism and Pessimism:
Responding to the question "After the formation of the present Palestinian government under Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh, are you more optimistic or more pessimistic than in the past ?"; (24.3%) said "more optimistic", (31.3%) said "they remained optimistic as in the past",  (20.0%) said "they remained pessimistic as in the past", whilst (23.1%) said "they are more pessimistic than in the past", and (1.3%) "don't know". 

Survey Methodology
All interviews took place on the basis of random choices of respondents' homes. The choices were taken from a total of 125 sites, from which 90 sites are in the West Bank and 35 sites in Gaza Strip. The margin of error was (±3.77%) at significance and confidence levels of (5%) and (95%) respectively.