3.10.06 Twelve Palestinians are killed and more than 100 are wounded in two days of fighting between units of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas's Fateh faction and Hamas forces loyal to Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. It erupted when the 3,500-strong Hamas militia confronted members of the Fateh-dominated security forces, who were protesting the government's inability to pay their wages.

3.10.06 Israeli NGO Peace Now reports that building in illegal outposts in the West Bank accelerated during the war in Lebanon. Peace Now demanded that Israeli Defense Minister Amir Peretz live up to his promise to evacuate illegal outposts.

4.10.06 U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice meets with President Abbas in Ramallah and holds talks on the crisis in the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) on how the U.S. could bolster the president's position. At a joint press conference, Rice promised Abbas to double efforts to improve the living conditions of Palestinians.

5.10.06 Secretary Rice meets with Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert at his residence in Jerusalem. Olmert rejected President Abbas's request to release Palestinian prisoners prior to a meeting between the two, saying he would not authorize such a release so long as abducted Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit remains in captivity.

5.10.06 An Israel Air Force (IAF) strike on a car in the southern Gaza Strip kills two Palestinian members of Islamic Jihad.

10.10.06 Qatari Foreign Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassem al-Thani leaves the Gaza Strip after talks aimed at breaking a Hamas-Fateh deadlock ends without progress. Discussions centered on Qatar's six-point plan for a Palestinian unity government, aimed at solving the internal feud in the Palestinian territories and renewing ties between the international community and the ruling Hamas party.

11.10.06 An Italian report raises the possibility that Israel has used an experimental weapon in the Gaza Strip in recent months, causing serious physical injuries such as amputated limbs and severe burns. The weapon is similar to one developed by the U.S. military, known as Dense Inert Metal Explosive (DIME).

17.10.06 Israeli troops kill three Palestinians in Qabatiyah
village, near Jenin.

18.10.06 Israeli forces push into southern Gaza, killing two Palestinian militants. Israel Defense Forces (IDF) tanks and infantry moved into Rafah and took over a swath of the Gaza-Egypt border, including the Rafah border terminal.

18.10.06 The U.S. government lodges a vigorous protest with Israel over its restrictions on the entry of Palestinian-Americans into the territories. State Department officials told Israeli diplomats in Washington that they find it "hard to understand" discrimination against American citizens based on their ethnic background.

19.10.06 In an interview with the Israeli Haaretz newspaper, Housing Minister Meir Sheetrit (Kadima) says that Israel should hold peace negotiations with Arab states based on the Saudi initiative. Sheetrit also said that Israel should negotiate over the Golan Heights if Syria halts its support for terrorism. The 2002 Saudi peace plan spoke of full Arab recognition of Israel in exchange for a full return to the pre-1967 borders.

26.10.06 According to Israeli NGO B'Tselem, one-third of Palestinians are prevented from visiting parents, siblings or children in Israeli prisons, or are able to visit only rarely. Children over six years old are not permitted to physically touch their imprisoned parents or siblings.

29.10.06 Israeli Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni decides not to attend the UN-sponsored Sixth International Conference on New or Restored Democracies in Qatar because of the participation of a Hamas delegation.

31.10.06 Israeli troops kill two Hamas militants in the southern Gaza Strip; three other Palestinians are wounded in the fighting.

1.11.06 Eight Palestinians are killed and 50 others are wounded in an Israeli operation in the northern Gaza town of Beit Hanoun. An Israeli soldier was also killed. According to the Israeli forces, the operation's goal was to prevent the launching of Qassam rockets into Israel.

2.11.06 Three Qassam rockets hit the western Negev.

3.11.06 The IDF raids Bethlehem and demolishes two houses; three civilians are killed and four are injured.

4.11.06 Forty-two Palestinians have been killed since the start of the Israeli operation in Beit Hanun. The Palestinians appealed for international intervention to pressure Israel to halt the campaign.

5.11.06 Israeli Minister of Strategic Affairs Avigdor Lieberman tells Britain's Sunday Telegraph newspaper that Israel's Arab minority is a problem that requires separation from the Jewish state.

6.11.06 An Israeli soldier is lightly wounded when a female suicide bomber blows herself up near troops operating in the northern Gaza town of Beit Hanun. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility. The suicide attack came hours after an Israeli aircraft fired a missile into a town in the northern Gaza Strip, striking a group of youths on their way to school. A 16-year-old and a 20-year-old were killed and three other people were wounded.

6.11.06 Riad Mansour, the Palestinian envoy to the UN, calls for a cease-fire in the fighting between Israeli and Palestinian forces in the Gaza Strip and for UN observers to be sent to monitor the truce.

7.11.06 Israeli forces kill five Palestinians in the northern Gaza Strip.

8.11.06 IDF artillery shells strike a residential area in Beit Hanun, Gaza, killing at least 19 Palestinians and wounding some 40 others. Eleven of the victims were members of Athamna family. Following the shelling, eight Qassams were fired at southern Israel from Gaza. One person sustained light wounds.

8.11.06 Israeli troops ambush a group of Palestinian militants belonging to Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade near Jenin, killing four.

11.11.06 A group of Palestinian and Israeli NGOs and parties organize a joint car convoy from Jerusalem to the Erez checkpoint between the Gaza Strip and Israel, to protest Israeli military actions against Gaza and to demand that the siege imposed on the Palestinian people be lifted.

12.11.06 In a conversation with the media, PM Olmert hints at the possibility of Israeli military action against Iran to thwart its efforts to acquire nuclear weapons.

15.11.06 Two Qassam rockets land in Sderot, killing one woman and wounding two other civilians. Hamas and Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

15.11.06 President Abbas calls on Israel to resume negotiations toward a final peace settlement, insisting on a full Israeli pullout from the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem.

15.11.06 Arab leaders and top U.S., European and UN diplomats hold talks in Cairo in an attempt to revive the Arab-Israeli peace process.

21.11.06 In a press conference in Jerusalem, Peace Now presents a study claiming that approximately 40% of settlements are built on private Palestinian land and not on state-owned land.

22.11.06 Israeli troops kill five Palestinians across the Palestinian territories, including two civilians in the Gaza Strip. Palestinian militants in Gaza fire seven Qassam rockets into the western Negev, causing some damage but no injuries.

23.11.06 Damascus-based Hamas political chief Khaled Mash'al arrives in Cairo for talks with senior Egyptian officials on a prisoner exchange deal involving IDF soldier Shalit, captured by militants in a cross-border raid on June 25.

26.11.06 Israel and the Palestinian factions in Gaza officially begin the cease-fire, following an agreement reached between President Abbas and the Palestinian factions. Abbas called PM Olmert the day before to inform him of the deal. PNA security forces began deploying along the Gaza Strip's border with Israel to prevent Palestinian militants from firing Qassam rockets in violation of the cease-fire.

4.12.06 PM Haniyeh meets with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. Reports from Damascus said that the meeting focused on Palestinians' efforts to establish a government of national unity.

5.12.06 Israeli Environment Minister and former senior Shin Bet official Gideon Ezra (Kadima) proposes releasing imprisoned Fateh leader Marwan Barghouti in exchange for Shalit and a pledge to continue the cease-fire. Ezra said Barghouti's release could reduce terrorism and strengthen Fateh as a moderate factor.

6.12.06 Israeli authorities destroyed 17 homes and three animal pens and arrested four local youths in the village of Twail Abu-Jarwal, north of Beersheba.

7.12.06 Israeli soldiers fire at a group of Palestinian men who approached the security fence on the Gaza-Israel border, wounding two brothers, endangering the fragile truce. The soldiers had received a report that a group of Palestinians was damaging the fence.

9.12.06 The Palestine Liberation Organization's executive committee recommends that President Abbas call early elections.

9.12.06 In Gaza, Fateh-affiliated members of the Palestinian Authority security services demonstrate against the nonpayment of their salaries, resulting in an exchange of fire between Hamas and Fateh gunmen. One policeman was wounded.

10.12.06 During his visit to Iran, PM Haniyeh declares that the Palestinians will "continue the jihad until Jerusalem is liberated."

11.12.06 Hamas's Mash'al is quoted in the Italian newspaper La Repubblica as saying that "all the Palestinian factions agree to a return of Israel's borders to pre-1967 designations." Also, he was quoted as calling for a 10-year cease-fire between Hamas and Israel.

13.12.06 In the joint Israeli-Palestinian-Jordanian "Peace Valley" industrial park, Israeli Vice Premier Shimon Peres tells British Secretary of State for International Development Hilary Benn that Israel will transfer tax revenues collected to the PNA once it is confident that the money will not be used to finance terrorism against Israel.

14.12.06 The Israeli High Court of Justice rules that the IDF's targeted killings of Palestinian militants are not categorically against international law. The court ruled that each targeted killing must be evaluated individually on the basis of the relevant considerations.

18.12.06 British Prime Minister Tony Blair meets President Abbas in Ramallah. Blair visited the West Bank to push for the resuscitation of the moribund Middle East peace process.

21.12.06 As part of the Israel Airports Authority's efforts to improve services to passengers, Ben-Gurion International Airport has been instructed to provide a room designated for Muslim prayers.

27.12.06 FM Livni states in an interview in Haaretz that she believes in talks with the Palestinians, even under fire. She hinted she had a diplomatic plan she was trying to promote but declined to give details.

27.12.06 Egypt transfers a large quantity of arms and ammunition to PA security organizations in the Gaza Strip, with Israel's approval. The move was carried out in an effort to bolster Fateh-affiliated groups.

28.12.06 Israel imposes limits on the transfer of funds from the territories to Palestinians held in its prisons for security-related offenses. Distribution of funds will no longer be in the hands of the prisoners' leadership, but will be handled by the prison authorities.

During this period, in the occupied Palestinian territories, 206 Palestinians were killed by Israeli security forces, 40 under the age of 18. One Israeli security person was killed by Palestinians. Within the Green Line, one Palestinian was killed by the security forces. Two Israeli civilians were killed by Palestinians.

Above figures from B'Tselem
The Israeli Human Rights Organization