In 1947 the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted Resolution 181, which proposed the ending of the British Mandate and the partition of Palestine into a Jewish and an Arab state. However, Part III of the Resolution dealt with the City of Jerusalem as follows:
"The City of Jerusalem shall be established as a corpus separatum under a special international regime and shall be administered by the United Nations. The Trusteeship Council shall be designated to discharge the responsibilities of the Administering Authority on behalf of the United Nations." The future of the holy places was not considered in Part III, because it had already been dealt with in preceding parts for Palestine as a whole.
Unfortunately, Part III of Resolution 181 has, unlike the ending of the Mandate and the partition of Palestine, not yet been implemented, although the reason for it is as true today as it was in 1947: The General Assembly correctly saw that only through internationalization could the conflicting claims of the Jews and the Arabs (and perhaps of the Christians) be reconciled.
The failure to implement the Resolution has led to more than 50 years of conflict, during which Jerusalem has been a battlefield and suffered death and destruction without its problems coming any nearer to a solution. However, it is not too late to implement the Resolution now, and internationalization holds out the promise of a brilliant future for the city. It already has all the amenities to rival, say, Geneva, i.e., the hotels, conference venues and communications, all of which could no doubt be developed further once the international city becomes an oasis of peace and stability.
The most important thing is that the city should never be divided de jure as it unfortunately still is de facto. East and West should become mere geographical indications, as they are in other major cities, and anyone should be able to settle in any part of a united Jerusalem. This can become reality only if and when the city is internationalized.
Proposals such as that part of the city should become the capital of a Palestinian Arab state and part be capital of the State of Israel are unacceptable because they actually confirm and legitimize the division of the city. Nothing should be done to encourage or promote this.
A great deal of mystique, mysticism and mythology needs to be swept away. The exhibition of 3,000 years of Jerusalem in the Citadel of David clearly shows that Jerusalem has been ruled by many different powers in its history and that, therefore, its status as "the eternal Jewish city" is a myth. The Arabs should look to Mecca as their undisputed historic center.
The time has come for Jerusalem to cease to be a battlefield and only internationalization can ensure this. The fact that it will give neither the Jews nor the Arabs all they want is perhaps the best indication that it is the right solution. Once this is recognized, work on practical procedures and administrative arrangements can begin. Internationalization of Jerusalem is no more "impossible" than was the removal of the Berlin Wall, the unification of Germany and the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Where there is a will, there is a way.

Eric Rose,
London, U.K.

Why Joint Venture with Israelis?

Dear Sirs,

Having come across your magazine on the Internet, I wonder what could the actual purpose of your project be. The Board of Editors is greatly staffed with Arabs. Some of the names may not be really known. Still I wonder why should Palestinians have joint ventures with Israelis? Please do not tell me you want to promote peace! We are sick of those insipid statements! Besides, you are located in Jerusalem. Who gives any of you, whether Arab or Israeli, the right to claim that Jerusalem is located in Israel, not in Palestine, as stated in your address?

B.S. Abu-Ghazaleh,

The Journal Is 'Must Reading'

Dear Friends,

I have received a copy of the Palestine-Israel Journal and also visited your Web site. The Journal is "must reading" for anyone interested in the Palestine-Israel conflict and the prospects of peace. It is also in itself a unique contribution to the process of building bridges between the two peoples and creating the common social and intellectual experience and understanding that are vital to the success of peace efforts.
The Palestine-Israel Journal is very dear to my heart as coordinator of the PEACE dialogue group, and I shall, of course, recommend it to the members of the group.

Ami Isseroff,
Rehovot, Israel
Yes, Indeed, There Is Only One Cyprus

Dear Sirs,

This is in response to a letter sent to the editors of the Palestine-Israel Journal by Mieke van de Capelle, who objected to the biographical note describing Husam Mohamad as an assistant professor of international relations at the Eastern Mediterranean University in "North Cyprus." Although I agree with Van de Capelle's argument that a recognized political entity called "North Cyprus" does not exist, I do believe that the letter to the editors went too far in its accusation against myself and the Journal as well. The inclusion of North Cyprus was used purely for correspondence purposes and in no way intended to make a political statement that undermines the legitimate presence of one Cyprus with its Greek and Turkish communities. I look forward to seeing the two communities merge within a united Cyprus. As Palestinians who lived under military occupation, we have used terms such as "West Bank," "via Israel" in our communications with the rest of the world. Such usage of these terms was never intended to give legitimacy to the State of Israel in its control of the occupied territories.
It is my belief that Cypriots, Greeks and Turks, should be reunited within a unified federal republic of Cyprus that would guarantee the political rights and claims of both communities. However, in much of the history of the Cyprus conflict, especially in the last four decades, the two Cypriot communities fought with each other mostly on accounts that were created by their "motherlands." Because of such a background, each side does not recognize the other. I, in no way, intended to support either party or to make a statement of one side against the other. I support both communities and would like to see them reunited within a new framework based on principles of peace, justice and political equality.

Husam Mohamad,
Famagusta, Cyprus