TEST
Vol. 15 No. 2 , 2008
1948: Sixty Years After
Editorial
In May 2008, the Israelis marked 60 years of independence, and the Palestinians marked 60 years since their Nakba (catastrophe). This was a culmination of two very different, frequently conflicting narratives.

According to the Israeli narrative, the Jews came to being a people in the area of the land of Israel, or Zion, over 3,000 years ago, as documented in the Bible. Almost all of the Jews were expelled from the land about 2,000 years ago, though some Jews remained in such joint towns as Pekiin and Shfaram and began returning to the four holy cities of Tiberias, Safed, Jerusalem and Hebron in the Middle Ages. The concept of return was originally spiritual - the return to Zion. The geographical aspect became clear only with the appearance of the modern Zionist movement at the end of the 19th century, which began the campaign for the return of a significant number of Jews to their homeland, Eretz Yisrael (the Land of Israel).

While there were those in the Jewish Diaspo
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Table of Contents
    Editorial
  1. Nakba and Independence ( )
    Two Sides of the Same Coin
    By Ziad AbuZayyad Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  2. 1948 – Looking Backward, Looking Forward ( )

    By Hillel Schenker Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  3. Focus
  4. Commemorating the Nakba ( )
    Concurrence on the narrative of 1948 is a starting point towards genuine peace.
    By Ahmad Qurei‘ Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  5. Evaluating the 60 Years: The Half-Full and Half-Empty Glass ( )
    Despite its gains, Israel faces political, economic, diplomatic and societal failures.
    By Daniel Bar-Tal Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  6. Sixty Years into the Nakba: The Hopelessness of the Times? ( )
    The trajectory of the Palestinians in Israel and the occupied territories since 1948 to date.
    By Bernard Sabella Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  7. The Evolution of Israeli Policy on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict ( )
    Israeli positions have undergone a possibly irreversible evolution.
    By Galia Golan Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  8. A Difficult Settlement ( )
    Only a just settlement to the conflict will gain legitimacy on the popular level.
    By Azmi Bishara Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  9. The United States and Israel at 60 Years ( )
    Pro-Israeli sentiment in the U.S. intensified with the second intifada and 9/11.
    By Robert Johnson Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  10. Sixty Years of Israel and the Nakba: A Tale of Siamese Twins! ( )
    The Palestinians in Israel must not remain second-class citizens.
    By Issam Makhoul Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  11. Solving a 60-Year-Old Conflict ( )
    A culture of peace on both sides can be conducive to the resolution of the conflict.
    By Ibrahim Bisharat Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  12. Image of the Enemy: 1948-2008 ( )
    The image of the other in Israeli society has had its ups and downs.
    By Hillel Schenker Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  13. Palestinian Contemporary Political Performance: A Bitter Harvest ( )
    External and internal factors must be considered in assessing the Palestinian performance.
    By Walid Salem Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  14. 1948 ( )
    We cannot achieve peace without establishing a Palestinian state alongside Israel.
    By Uri Avnery Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  15. The Discrimination against Palestinian Refugees Living in Lebanon ( )
    Among all the Palestinian refugees, those in Lebanon have the worst conditions.
    By Jennifer Ibrahim Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  16. Jerusalem: 1948-2008 ( )
    Palestinian Jerusalemites: A slow process of displacement, a permanent refugee behavior.
    By Riman Barakat Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  17. 1948 – A Memoir ( )
    For a Canaanite who fought for liberation, Israel’s independence is a broken dream.
    By Boas Evron Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  18. Some Personal Recollections: Sixty Years since 1948 ( )
    Early memories of a Palestinian Jerusalemite refugee in East Jerusalem.
    By Bernard Sabella Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  19. Roundtable
  20. 1948: Independence and the Nakba ( )
    Mustafa Abu Sway, Haim Baram, Lucy Nusseibeh and Sarah Ozacky-Lazar. Moderators: Benjamin Pogrund, Robert Terpstra.
    Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  21. Interview
  22. We Must Negotiate until the Last Minute ( )

    By Rafiq Husseini Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  23. Viewpoint
  24. The Israel Lobby ( )
    The lobby’s power in U.S. politics limits serious debate on U.S. Middle East policy.
    By Stephen Walt Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  25. The U.S. Should Act as an Honest Broker ( )
    U.S. support for Israeli policies in the territories has served neither country’s interests.
    By John Mearsheimer Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  26. Syria and Israel in a World of Changing Concepts ( )
    A Syrian-Israeli peace may call for an innovative redefinition of time-honored concepts such as sovereignty.
    By Ziad AbuZayyad Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  27. The U.S. Has Been Absent without Leave in the Middle East for Seven Years ( )
    A two-state deal brokered by the Quartet, not the U.S., must precede a confederation.
    By Michael Dukakis Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  28. The Last Chance Saloon ( )
    We must seize the opportunity to establish two viable states before it is too late.
    By Tony Klug Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  29. A Unilateral Declaration of Independence ( )
    Kosovo’s unilateral declaration of independence could be an example to follow.
    By Ahmad Majdalani Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  30. What If There Is No Agreement by the End of This Year? ( )
    Only painful decisions on both sides can lead to peace by the end of the year.
    By Estephan Salameh Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  31. The Two-State Solution: Old Standby, Perhaps, but Imperative ( )
    The alternative to the two-state solution is not one state, but rather no solution.
    By Paul Scham Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  32. The Next 60 Years for Palestine ( )
    One should look at the root causes of the Palestinian situation, not only the symptoms.
    By Mazin Qumsiyeh Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  33. Israel’s Peace Offensive ( )
    Peace with Syria would change regional dynamics and prevent a clash with Iran.
    By Alon Ben-Meir Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  34. Book Review
  35. 1948: The First Arab-Israeli War by Benny Morris ( )

    By Paul Scham Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  36. Economics
  37. The Hidden Treasure of the Palestinian Economy: The Economic Implications of Refugee Compensation ( )
    Refugee compensation could bring rapid development and stability to the future state.
    By Izhak Schnell Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  38. Culture
  39. Dialogue with Nadine Gordimer, South African Nobel Laureate for Literature ( )
    "The Beginning of Finding Solutions Is That Both Sides Have to Talk to One Another"
    Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  40. Palestinian Culture before the Nakba ( )
    There was a vibrant cultural life in Palestine before the Nakba.
    By Ibrahim Nasrallah Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  41. Return to Haifa Confronts Holocaust Victims with Palestinian Refugees ( )

    By Etty Diamant Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  42. Returning to Haifa ( )
    Excerpts from the novella by the prominent Palestinian novelist.
    By Ghassan Kanafani Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  43. Documents
  44. The “Citizens’ Letter” to the Government of Israel, May 2008 ( )

    Vol. 15 No. 2 2008
  45. Chronology of Events
  46. January 1, 2008 to July 1, 2008 ( )
    Compiled by Najat Hirbawi
    Vol. 15 No. 2 2008